Saturday, 19 March 2016

Writer SanLinTun: Sand Stupa Festival

Writer SanLinTun: Sand Stupa Festival: Sand Stupa Festival The weather becomes a bit hot when Tabaung , the final month of Myanmar calender comes in. But, in olden days, it...

Monday, 7 March 2016

A Pansodan Old Book Seller


A Pansodan Old Book Seller
Sweat is streaming down on his cheeks under the blaring Sun. U Hla Win, a street vendor of Pansodan Street is trying to lay out old books, pamphlets, old post cards, magazines, calenders and papers. He hopes that today also he can make some money selling old items from his vendor shop. He has to start his shop around 1 p.m, which may be an official time for opening up a street vendor shop like his.
"Good afternoon, U Hla Win!"
My greeting makes him turn his head around. He is a man of sixty years old, but he seems younger than his age. He usually wears a shabby hat and cloth. And he has stub moustache, and beard. But he does not care much about it. It seems that he wants to keep a low profile.
When he sees me, he smiles at me, as usual because he sees me here often when I look for old books.
"How's today?"
"No book is sold yet."
Then, one book attracts my attention. It's title is Love written by Rosemary Haughton. The cover is old enough. I ask him the price, then, he replies,
"It's Ks 500."

The deal between us sets. Today, I come here not only to look for a book but also to do an interview with him. Later he starts his story in this way:
"I'm from Alone township. I started it when I was in my early 20s when I got married. I've never done any other jobs apart from it. I have got a family, I have got two daughters. One of them is a graduate from Distance University."
"In those days, I used to sell old books on different places: Myay Ni Gone, Chauk Htet Yone(6-storey building), Upper Bosunpat Street(formerly known as Maung Htaw Lay Street) which is closer to the famous Bogyoke Aung San Market. Then, I moved my venue to the middle block of Kone Zay Tan Street."
 Later, when he found a spot on Pansodan Street, he decided to open up his vendor shop on it. The possible reason for setting up his vendor shop here is that it is close to the famous Sar Pay Beik Mam building, which is also known as BTS building which is Burma Translation Society.
Another thing can be that on this street, many famous writers, artists, editors and poets  walked down on their way to BTS building, and Lawkanat Art Galerry. Some other literary enthusiats spend most of their times around this area whenever they need books to be looked for. This is their meeting place. That is why when he chose to open his vendor shop. If it was why, it was the right decision he made for it.
He has been doing this kind of job over 40 years because he started doing this around 1975 when he says that in those days selling books was well enough because there was much interest from the side of the public. He could earn Ks 40 or Ks 50 a day. That amount was good for supporting a family, but it was still hopeless for being well-off.

Nowadays, he needs to earn Ks 4000 or Ks 6000 a day to cover his daily expenses. Sometimes, it is well to do the business, but sometimes it is not very well because there are days on which any books cannot find their potential buyers. One thing is that the reading rate has became declined.
He has been through good and bad times of selling books in Yangon.
Anyone can see him when he is preparing to open up his vendor shop around 1 p.m in front of the Post and Telecommunication office on Pansodan Street. Though life is tough on him to some degree, he still has stamina and resilience to run his shop. What a zeal he has got!
Photos and texts by San Lin Tun




Sand Stupa Festival


Sand Stupa Festival
The weather becomes a bit hot when Tabaung, the final month of Myanmar calender comes in. But, in olden days, it was truly said that the weather is moderate as compared to the present climate. Even dry leaves began to fall from their trees, leaving them all bare, and showing the impermanence nature of them.
Some ancient Myanmar poets says that it is the best month of the year when they try to compose its excellent beauty. Not only the glamor of this season is composed in Myanmar classical verses, but also the monk Kaludayi composed the tranquility of this season with pali language. He tried to plead respectfully this event to Lord Buddha that itinerant travelers could enjoy the delight of Tabaung during their trip. He said it with 60 gathas(verses).
In Tabaung, on white, and pure riverbanks many birds find much felicity to enjoy the pleasure of the season. Apart from them, humans began to show their interest in that, but not in fowl ways, but in humane ways. Because of blissful and soothing mind, they decide that they should venerate Lord Buddha.
Then, they found sand which can be used for building sand stupas. One thing they choose sand is that it is pure in its essence. Another one can be that there were countless Buddhas appeared in the successive worlds and aeons. They want to venerate infinite numbers of Buddhas. Sand is the perfect catalyst for this purpose.
In this month, people try to celebrate sand stupa festivals along the sandbank of the Ayyerwaddy river. Though the sand stupa is temporary for veneration and it has to be completed in  a day, they worship it by offering a thousand candles as well as flowers to gain much merit for their virtuous conducts.
They think that it can be done when the weather favors them by providing them with necessary item which is pure sand, and receding water level. Later, this trait handed down from generation to generation. Younger ones also want to preserve this tradition in their times. They also think that it should be well preserved for devotional purposes.
For anyone who is interested in sand stupa, there is a  story about making it can be seen in Apadana pali texts in this way. A hermit named Narada was living in a hut near Himalaya Mountain. Because of possessing potent power, he had many disciples who praised him a lot.
One day, the hermit reflected on thus: "I have no one who admonishes me. I need to nurture the attitude of seeking a good teacher whom I can be obedient. I'm going to search for a respectful, appreciable, and venerable teacher."
Near his humble abode,  a small river flowed  and there was full of pure sand he could see. Truly, it was very pleasant. The hermit made a stupa with those sand, and venerated it with much respect as if it were a real Buddha.
Later, he contemplated thus: " Though living near to the Buddha, it is not suitable without eradicating mental defilement." After his demise, he enjoyed reaching good destinations many times until finally reaching Nibbana. 1
People celebrate building the sand studpas without knowing this story or not. They think that it is satisfactory and pleasant to perform this noblest act during their lifetime. They also think that their devotion will be enhanced because of that.
Some people build it for removing bad kammas or for warding off dangers they are going to face. Though difference in reasons and purposes, anyone can build it with the genuine sense of devotion. It will be more beneficial for anyone who has clear consciousness of the ultimate goal of a Buddhist.
 The benefit gained by donating sand can be seen in this story. One day, a hunter went on hunting a deer, and found a sanctuary dwelt by the Buddha. Feeling wonderful, he fetched sand and laid it down the precinct of it. After his death, he never reached any woeful abodes because of its good action until he reached his arahanta.2
These stories can uplift the morale of any devotees whenever they read this kind of story. Some people want to adopt this trait if they have a chance to do it. Though it seems meager in shape and size of sand stupa, the benefit one gets from building is enormous, one can say.
Ipso facto, those who understand the salient features of sand stupas want to build them when Tabaung is coming in. Also, they think that it is the best and perfect time for it.■
San Lin Tun

Reference:
1. pg, 127, Vasondari and traditional items by Teik Soe
2. Ibid, 128